We’ve all heard it a million times before, eat whole foods, but a lot of times we don’t know the why behind eating whole foods. Let’s focus on fruits and vegetables. Eating plenty of healthy vegetables and fruits helps prevent an array of chronic illnesses and diseases like some cancers, heart disease and stroke, helps control blood pressure, and even helps prevent vision loss.

Each different color of fruit and vegetable contains unique health nutrients that are essential to our health. Let’s break it down:

Nutrients in Red Fruits and Vegetables Include:

Lycopene, ellagic acid, Quercetin, and Hesperidin, to name a few.

These nutrients reduce the risk of prostate cancer, lower blood pressure, reduce tumor growth and LDL cholesterol levels, scavenge harmful free-radicals, and support join tissue in arthritis cases.

Nutrients in Orange and Yellow Fruit and Vegetables Include:

Beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, flavonoids, lycopene, potassium, and vitamin C.

These nutrients reduce age-related macular degeneration and the risk of prostate cancer, lower LDL cholesterol and blood pressure, promote collagen formation and healthy joints, fight harmful free radicals, encourage alkaline balance, and work with magnesium and calcium to build healthy bones.

Nutrients in Green Vegetables and Fruit Include:

Chlorophyll, fiber, lutein, zeaxanthin, calcium, folate, vitamin C, calcium, and Beta-carotene.

The nutrients found in these vegetables reduce cancer risks, lower blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels, normalize digestion time, support retinal health and vision, fight harmful free-radicals, and boost immune system activity.

Nutrients in Blue and Purple Fruits and Vegetables Include:

Lutein, zeaxanthin, resveratrol, vitamin C, fiber, flavonoids, ellagic acid, and quercetin.

Similar to the previous nutrients, these nutrients support retinal health, lower LDL cholesterol, boost immune system activity, support healthy digestion, improve calcium and other mineral absorption, fight inflammation, reduce tumor growth, act as an anticarcinogens in the digestive tract, and limit the activity of cancer cells.

Nutrients in White fruits and Vegetables Include:

Beta-glucans, EGCG, SDG, and lignans that provide powerful immune boosting activity. These nutrients also activate natural killer B and T cells, reduce the risk of colon, breast, and prostate cancers, and balance hormone levels, reducing the risk of hormone-related cancers.